Another fertility test that can assess the reasons why you’re not getting pregnant is an hysterosalpingogram (HSG). This type of test can help determine the causes of your fertility problems and can be instrumental in deciding what the best path toward getting pregnant is for you in terms of fertility treatment options.
How an HSG Works
An HSG fertility test is a type of x-ray in which dye is injected through a small catheter that is placed in your cervix. As a result, an x-ray of the uterus and the fallopian tubes is taken; the insides of the uterus and tube can also appear on the x-ray in this procedure.
In addition, an HSG test displays whether irregularities exist in the uterus as well as whether tubal problems exist, including dilation and blockage.
This type of diagnostic fertility test can also detect reproductive problems and conditions such as endometrial pulps and endometriosis, which can both negatively affect your chances of getting pregnant.
If you are having a sterilization reversal performed, an HSG test will allow the fertility specialist to see where the blockage was made; information that is useful in sterilization reversal surgery.
A laparoscopy is often performed to verify reproductive health results found via an HSG test.
A similar procedure to HSG is a hysterosalpingosonogram (HSS), which uses ultrasound in order to assess the tubes and other reproductive organs instead of x-rays.
An HSG test is performed between day 7 and 10 of your menstrual cycle to ensure that you are not pregnant. No preparation is usually required for this fertility test.
Side Effects of an HSG
If you have any allergies, tell your medical professional prior to taking this fertility test.
Some serious side effects of an HSG test can include: abdominal pain, fever and cramps. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor right away.
Side effects of HSG surgery include sticky vaginal discharge, which occurs due to the dye being expelled from the uterus. This dye does not have any serious impacts on your overall health nor does it negatively affect the state of your reproduction health; women who have had HSG tests have later been successful in getting pregnant and have not had any pregnancy complications related to the fertility test.