hyroid Problems

Unlike other fertility problems, such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), thyroid dysfunction is not specifically a reproductive problem, but it can definitely impact your chances of getting pregnant.

The thyroid is controlled by the pituitary gland, which releases thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).

There are two main types of thyroid problems:

  • Hyperthyroidism (Over-Active Thyroid): hyperthyroidism is often hereditary. Symptoms include heart palpitations, fatigue, increased heart rate, weight loss and light or absent periods. It can occur at any age but occurs most frequently in menopausal women. Its impacts include an increased risk of miscarriage. Treatment options include drugs, radioactive therapy and surgery
  • Hypothyroidism (Under-Active Thyroid): hypothyroidism is also often hereditary. Its symptoms include tiredness, lack of concentration, muscle aches, constipation, weight gain, very long menstrual cycles and heavy periods. In some people the thyroid gland (which is in the throat in front of the windpipe) may be enlarged. Treatment will be life-long and often takes the form of thyroxine tablets, with a likely increased dose during pregnancy. One Getting Pregnant visitor was told by her specialist that after beginning this medication, many of his clients conceived very quickly.

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